ARCTIC SPECTACLES:

THE FROZEN NORTH IN VISUAL CULTURE

1818-1875

 

Russell A. Potter

 

 

 

Introduction: Visuality and the Arctic Regions

 

 

I

A Foretaste of those Icy Climes:

Britain's Arctic Circles

 

• Producing a perfect map of the Ice: Henry Aston Barker's Panorama

of1820 (this is the one seen and praised by Keats); • Mόnchausen on

Ice: The Mythic mis-taking of Sir John Ross

 

II

The Awful Aspect of the Scene:

Arctic Panoramas and the Northern Sublime

 

• The Sea of Ice (Friedrich's Das Eismeer) • Ross's Return and the

Panorama of Boothia

 

III

The Killing Glitter of the stars:

Spectacles of the Search for Franklin

 

 

•  The desolate sublimity of this Astounding Spectacle: Dickens and

the Panoramic Urge • That Far-distant and Mysterious Region: The

Arctic in Moving Panoramas  • News, Rumor, and Speculation  • A

Leisure Hour in the Arctic Regions: The Arctic in the Illustrated

Press • The contents of the Kettles

 

IV

Things Dimly Shadowed Forth:

Picturing the Last Dread Alternative

 

• Whom Earth Denies a Grave: The Ends of Science  • The eventful

voyage of HMS Resolute

 

 

 

V

The Arctic Panoramas of Elisha Kent Kane

 

• In Memoriam Elisha Kent Kane  • The Heart of the Western

Wilderness: Kane Panoramas on Tour, 1857-63  • Kane Marches On:

Panoramas, Stereoviews, and Lantern Shows

 

VI

Testing the Region of the Ice-Bound Soul

 

• Lost i' the land of Ice and Snow: Visions of the

Fate of Franklin • The Crying of Two Thousand People: The

Frozen Deep in Manchester.

 

 

VII

A Late and Sad Discovery: Death and the Arctic

Sublime

 

• The Voyage of the Fox in Arctic Seas  • Bones -- no need to ask

whose •  Man Proposes, God Disposes

 

VIII

Curiosities of Unusual Interest:

The Arctic Shows of Charles Francis Hall

 

 

IX

A Most Weird and Beautiful Picture:

Church's Visions of the Arctic

Regions

 

X

The photographic Artist:

William Bradford and the Close of the

Panoramic Era

 

 

Epilogue: New Media, New Horizons

 

 

Appendix:

Arctic Shows and Entertainments, 1819-1896

(an Annotated List)