Proceedings of the
Sixth Annual Meeting
of the
Finno-Ugric Studies
Association of Canada

Actes du Sixičme Colloque
Annuel de l'Association
Canadienne des Etudes

with a special session
on the Folk Music
of the Finno-Ugric Peoples

University Press of America, Inc.,1989.
ISBN 0-8191-7492-0

edited by
Joel Ashmore Nevis


The Finno-Ugric Studies Association of Canada (FUSAC) was organized in 1982, and formally founded during its first conference in 1983. Since then, annual conferences have been held in conjunction with the Learned Societies of Canada. The main objectives of the association are to promote Finno-Ugric studies in Canada; to provide a regular forum for scholars to present papers on a wide array of Finno-Ugric research areas; to initiate and maintain links with Finno-Ugric scholarly associations and academic institutions in other countries where research and teaching are carried out; and to stimulate awareness of the historical past of Estonian, Finnish, and Hungarian cultural groups in Canada.

This volume contains selected papers from the sixth conference of the Finno-Ugric Studies Association of Canada held at the University of Windsor in June 1988. Because of the rather small size of FUSAC, we accept all paper abstracts submitted prior to the meeting. Yet we wish to maintain high standards in publishing the proceedings; therefore each paper has been refereed anonymously by two scholars in the appropriate field from various universities in Canada, Finland, the United States, and Germany. The fact that under eighty percent of the submitted manuscripts were deemed of sufficiently high quality indicates a critical review by the referees.

The papers in this volume come from four subfields in Finno-Ugric studies: ethnomusicology, linguistics, sociology, and history. The special theme of the 1988 meeting was The Folk Music of the Finno-Ugric Peoples. Four of the articles herein pertain directly to this theme; these are the contributions by Gyula Décsy, Jyrki Nummi, and Ingrid Rüütel in Section I.

Some of the presentations at the meeting do not appear in this volume for a variety of reasons; this should not be taken to mean that the following have been rejected through the review process:
    Hazel Lauttamus-Birt: Ancient Finnish Festivals.
    Carl Rahkonen: The Influence of Function, Fashion and Tradition on the Structure of the Finnish Kantele.
    Sharon Rahkonen-Franklin: Population Changes among the Jewish People of Finland since World War Two.
    Joel Ashmore Nevis: On Adpositions in Estonian.
    Otto J. von Sadovsky: The Finno-Ugrian Reflexes of Costanoan Initial *s-.
    László Szábo: Negative Constructions in Kola Lappish.
    László Szábo: Des mots en votic empruntés de la langue russe.
    György Szomjas-Schieffert: The Controversy of Finno-Ugric Folk Music.
    Roman Toi: Technical Aspects of Veljo Tormis' Choral Works.
    Ants Viires: The Birth of Folklorism in Estonia.


Acknowledgements iii
Preface vii

Special Session: The Folk Music of the Finno-Ugric Peoples 1
Gyula Décsy: The Pentatonic Puzzle: Inheritance or Coincidence? 3
Jyrki Nummi: What Do People Sing? Singing in Väinö Linna's Novel The Unknown Soldier 9
Ingrid Rüütel: The Setu Folk Song in Finno-Ugric and Balto Slavic Contexts 23
Ingrid Rüütel: Ethnic Research in Folk Music: Possibilities and Difficulties 35

General Sessions: Linguistics, Sociology and History 45

Ain Haas: The Revival of Estonian Nationalism 47
Osmo Lahti: Early Finnish Canadian Miners in North Wellington, Nanaimo, Extension, and Ladysmith, British Columbia 67
Ilse Lehiste: Current Debates Concerning Estonian Quantity 77
Zita McRobbie: Durational Measurements of Disyllabics in the Suonikyla Dialect of Skolt Sámi 87
Joel Nevis: On Case in Livonian 95
Börje Vähämäki: Syntagmatic Markedness, Sentence Type, and Subject in Finnish 113
Riitta Välimaa-Blum: The Finnish Existential Clause: One or Many? 121

General Index 139
Russian Surname Index 149
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