- Adverse Impact: The selection of protected-class members at a rate lower than that of other groups. A selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group which is less than four-fifths (4/5 or 80%) of the rate for the group with the highest rate will generally be regarded by the enforcement agencies as evidence of adverse impact.
- Affected Class: Any group that continues to suffer the effects of past discriminatory practices. Affected class status must be determined by analysis or court decision.
- Affirmative Action: Specific actions in recruitment, hiring, upgrading and other areas designed and taken for the purpose of eliminating the present effects of past discrimination, or to prevent discrimination.
- Affirmative Action Plan (AAP): The written document through which management assures that all people have equal opportunities in recruitment, selection, appointment, promotion, training, discipline and related employment areas. The plan is tailored to the employer's work force and the labor pool with the necessary skills in the relevant job market. It prescribes specific actions, goals, timetables, responsibilities and describes resources to meet identified needs. The plan is a comprehensive results-oriented program designed to achieve equal employment opportunity rather than merely to assure non-discrimination.
- Ageism: Discrimination of individuals based on their age; i.e. of the elderly based on the notion that they are incapable of performing certain functions such as driving, or of the young based on the notion that they are immature and therefore incapable of performing certain tasks.
- American Indian (Native American) or Alaskan Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North America, or who maintain cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition.
- Annual Goal: Referred to in the goals and timetables section of the affirmative action plan, the annual goal is an annual target (annual in that it is the one-year life of the AAP) for placing underutilized groups of protected-class members in those job groups where underutilization exists.
- Applicant Flow: The number of applicants applying for a particular job over a given period of time, analyzed by protected class characteristics.
- Applicant Pool: All people who have applied for a particular job or group of jobs during one period of opening. The collection of candidates from whom the selection or selections for available positions may be made.
- Asian or Pacific Islander: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, or the Pacific Islands. This includes people from China, India, Japan, Korea, the Philippine Islands, American Samoa, and Vietnam.
- Black (Non-Hispanic): A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa (except those of Hispanic origin).
- Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ): A qualification that is needed to be able to perform the duties of a particular job, which would otherwise be unlawful because of its discriminatory impact on one's sex, religion, national origin, etc. Examples are the requirement that an actor playing the part of a woman be a woman or that a minister of a particular religion be a member of that particular religion. The concept of BFOQ is interpreted very narrowly by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the federal courts.
- Business Necessity: A legitimate business purpose that justifies an employment practice as valid and necessary for the effective achievement of the organization's objectives as well as the safe and efficient operation of the business.
- Civil Rights: Personal rights guaranteed and protected by the Constitution; i.e., freedom of speech, press, freedom from discrimination.
- Collective Bargaining Agreement: A written contract between an employer and a labor union, for a definitive period of time, spelling out conditions of employment, wages, hours of work, rights of employees and the union, and procedures to be followed in settling disputes.
- Compliance: A situation in which an agency fully meets the requirements of laws, rules and regulations and court cases which mandate nondiscrimination and affirmative action.
- Disabled Individual: Any person who (1) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activities; (2) has a record of such impairment; or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment. The following are general definitions as to the meaning of 'disability': Physical or Mental Impairment means (1) any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological; musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, including speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive; genito-urinary; hemic and lymphatic; skin and endocrine; or (2) any mental or psychological disorder, such as retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities. The term 'physical or mental impairment' includes, but is not limited to, such diseases and conditions as orthopedic, visual, speech and hearing impairments, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, mental retardation, emotional illness, recovering addicts and alcoholism. Major Life Activities means functions such as caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, working, and receiving education or vocational training. Has a record of such an impairment means has a history of, or has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more life functions. Is regarded as having an impairment means (1) has a physical or mental impairment that does not substantially limit major life activities but that is treated by an employer as constituting such a limitation; (2) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others toward such impairment; or (3) has none of the impairments defined above, but is treated by an employer as having such an impairment. Substantially limits means that the degree the impairment affects employability. A disabled individual who is likely to experience difficulty in securing, retaining or advancing in employment will be considered substantially limited.
- Disabled Veteran: A person entitled to compensation under laws administered by the Veterans Administration for disability rated at 30% or more, or a person whose discharge or release from active duty was for a disability incurred or aggravated in the line of duty.
- Discrimination: Illegal treatment of a person or group based on race, sex, or other protected-class status. There are two types of discrimination: disparate treatment and disparate impact. Disparate treatment means treating a person differently because of his or her race, sex, disability, or other protected-class status. Disparate impact, a less blatant form of discrimination, means a practice which has a greater negative effect on members of protected classes than on others.
- Diversity: A situation that includes representation of multiple (ideally all) groups within a prescribed environment, such as a university or workplace. An emphasis on accepting and respecting cultural differences by recognizing that no one culture is intrinsically superior to another underlies the current usage of the term.
- Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO): Where all personnel activities are conducted so as to assure equal access in all phases of the employment process. Employment decisions are based solely on the individual merit and fitness of applicants and employees related to specific jobs, without regard to race, color, creed, national or ethnic origin, gender, religion, disability, age, sexual orientation, disabled veteran status, veteran of the Vietnam Era status, marital or citizenship status (except in those special circumstances permitted or mandated by law).
- Equal Pay: To provide equal pay for men and women performing jobs requiring equal skills, effort, and responsibility and which are performed under similar working conditions (as required by the Equal Pay Act of 1963 for employers subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act, i.e., in a department store a female salesperson in the ladies' shoe department must receive pay equal to that of a male salesperson doing equal work in the men's shoe department).
- Ethnic Group: A group identified on the basis of religion, color or national origin.
- Ethnicity: A quality assigned to a specific group of people historically connected by a common national origin or language. Ethnic classification is used for identification rather than differentiation.
- Executive Order: A regulation by the President of the United States or the chief executive of a state which has the effect of law.
- Handicap: See Disabled Individual.
- Hispanic: A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
- Indigenous: Originating from a culture with ancient ties to the land in which a group resides.
- Job Analysis: The systematic study of a job to identify work behaviors and other information relevant to the job that will enable those planning examinations or other selection devices to determine the knowledge, skills and abilities required for successful performance on the job.
- Job Category: A grouping or aggregation of job classifications for purposes of analysis or official reporting. For example, officials and administrators, instructional, professional non-instructional, clerical/secretarial, technical/paraprofessional.
- Minority: A person classified as black (not of Hispanic origin), Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander, or American Indian or Alaskan Native
- National Origin. This term refers not only to one's place of birth, but to an ancestor's place of birth as well.
- Parity: A condition achieved in an organization when the protected class compensation of its work force is equal to that in the relevant available labor force.
- Prima Facie: A legal presumption that arises from a basic showing of facts that will control a decision unless the factual showing is rebutted.
- Protected Class: A group of people protected from employment discrimination under government regulations and laws, specifically identified as women, blacks, Hispanics, Asians or Pacific Islanders, American Indians or Alaskan Natives, people over age 40, the disabled as defined under Section 503, and disabled veterans and Vietnam era veterans as defined under the Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act.
- Quota: Mandated hiring quotas (usually by head count) have no place in affirmative action compliance. They are seen as rigid and inflexible and do not foster the intent of affirmative action.
- Reasonable Accommodations: The changing of environment, schedules or requirements to adapt to the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified disabled applicant or employee.
- Selection Process: Any measure, combination of measures, or procedures used as a basis for any employment decision; commonly consists of minimum qualifications, test(s), employment interview, and probationary period.
- Sexual Harassment: Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when: Submission to conduct is either an explicit or implicit term or condition of employment; or Submission to or rejection of conduct is used as a basis for an employment decision affecting the person rejecting or submitting the conduct; or The conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an affected person's work performance, or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment.
- Sexual Orientation: A private preference, a history of such a preference, or an identification with having such a preference of an individual for heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality.
- Stereotype: To categorize people based on an artificial construction of a certain group designed to impart the "essence" of that group, which homogenizes the group, effacing individuality and difference.
- Underrepresentation: Fewer women or minorities in a job group than their proportion in the agency's workforce.
- Underutilization: Having fewer women or minorities in the employer's workforce than could reasonably be expected based on their availability in the labor area.
- Undue Hardship: In order for an employer to be able to refuse an employee's request for accommodation because of disability or religious beliefs, the employer must be able to prove that the accommodation would cause undue hardship. Undue hardship is measured in terms of business necessity and financial cost and expenses.
- Veteran: A person who served in the Armed Forces of the United States during a statutorily defined time of war and who was honorably discharged or was released under honorable circumstances. Armed Forces is defined as Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and Coast Guard, including all components thereof, and the National Guard when in the service of the United States pursuant to call as provided by law on a full-time active duty basis, which does not include active duty for training purposes. The specified periods of services are: 12/07/41 - 09/02/45 World War II 06/26/50 - 01/31/55 Korean Conflict 01/01/63 - 05/07/75 Vietnam Hostilities With the Commissioned Corps of the U.S. Public Health Service: 07/29/45 - 09/02/45 and 06/25/50 - 07/03/52
- Vietnam Era Veteran: A veteran of the Vietnam Era is a person who served on active duty for a period of more than 180 days, any part of which occurred between August 5, 1964, and May 7, 1975, and was discharged or released with other than a dishonorable discharge.
- White: A person with origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East who is not of Hispanic origin.
- Workforce: The total number of workers actively employed in a company.
- Workforce Analysis: A listing of each job title as it appears in the applicable collective bargaining agreement or payroll records, ranked from lowest to highest paid within each department or other similar organizational unit, including department or unit supervision.
The following list contains the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission definitions for various racial and ethnic identities.
- White: Not of Hispanic origin: all persons having origins in any of the original people of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.
- Black: Not of Hispanic origin; all persons having origins in any of the black racial groups in Africa.
- Hispanic: All persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. Only those persons of Central or South American countries who are of Spanish origin, descent or culture should be included in this classification. (Persons from Brazil, Guyana, Surinam or Trinidad, for example, would be classified according to their race and would not necessarily be included in the Hispanic classification. In addition, this classification does not include persons from Portugal who should be classified according to race.)
- Asian or Pacific Islander: All persons having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, or the Pacific Islands. This area includes, for example, China, Japan, Korea, the Philippine Islands and Samoa. The Indian Subcontinent takes in the countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan.
- American Indian or Alaskan Native: All persons having origins in any of the original peoples of North America, and who maintain cultural identification through tribal affiliation.
Work Related Accommodations
Employees with either permanent or temporary health conditions and/or disabilities may find that they are in need of a work related accommodation. Therefore, we want to remind employees of their right to request an accommodation, as well as the procedure for self-identifying and how to make the request for an accommodation. Maggie Sullivan, the Director of Human Resources, also serves as the ADA Coordinator for employees and is available at email@example.com or 401-456-8442 to answer any questions related to this process.
The Rehabilitation Act and Americans with Disability Act
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability, and protects qualified applicants and employees with disabilities from discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, job training, fringe benefits, and other aspects of employment. The law also requires that covered entities provide qualified applicants and employees with disabilities with reasonable accommodations, as long as it does not impose undue hardship for the college.
Definition of a Disability
A person is disabled if he or she has a physical or mental disability that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such impairment, or is regarded as having such impairment under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the American with Disabilities Act of 1990. In September 2008, the ADA was amended to expand the definition of “disability” in favor of broader coverage of individuals to the maximum extent permitted by the terms of the ADA and generally shall not require extensive analysis. For additional information, refer to the What You Should Know About COVID-19 and the ADA, the Rehabilitation Act, and Other EEO Laws.
Employees who have a disability and wish to self-identify must complete the required form. The Self-Identification Form is used by the employee to notify RIC that they have a disability. The data is reported to the State of Rhode Island only for data collection and analysis purposes. It will not initiate a request for reasonable accommodation. Employees who file this form will receive a confirmation that the form was received by Rhode Island Office of Diversity, Equity and Opportunity. They will also receive information regarding the employees’ rights.
Request Reasonable Accommodations
Employees who wish to request reasonable accommodations must download and complete the following forms.
Employee Self-Identification of Disability & Request for Reasonable Accommodations
This form is used by the employee to notify RIC that they have a disability and to request reasonable accommodation and needs assessment. Upon request from the college, verification of disabling condition must be obtained from your physician.
Medical Inquiry Form
This form is completed by the employee’s physician. The completed form will assist the ADA Coordinator to clarify any impairment and determine accommodation needs and effective options. Please note that it is recommended that the employee consult with the ADA Coordinator to determine if this form is needed.
Steps for Completion of Request
Completed forms must be submitted to Maggie Sullivan, ADA Coordinator, Rhode Island College, 600 Mount Pleasant Avenue, Building #6- East Campus, Office of Human Resources, Providence, RI. 02908 or email forms to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Upon receipt of a request for accommodation, the ADA Coordinator will reach out to the employee and appropriate supervisor/administrator as needed to explore all reasonable accommodations. To request a consultation with the ADA Coordinator, please call 401-456-8216.
Approved accommodations are communicated in writing to the employee and as needed with the appropriate supervisor/administrator. If an approved accommodation is not provided, the affected employee should immediately notify the ADA Coordinator.
The Department of Labor provides information regarding 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and/or the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended.
Americans with Disabilities 504/Complaint Procedures are administered under the Council on Postsecondary Education (CPE) Non-Discrimination Policy and Complaint Procedures. To file a complaint please contact:
Ashley Ruderman-Looff, PhD
Director of Institutional Equity
Title IX Coordinator/Affirmative Action Officer
Rhode Island College-Roberts Hall 301
600 Mount Pleasant Avenue, Providence, Rhode Island 02908
email@example.com | 401-456-8218
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
- The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
- The Equal Pay Act of 1963
- Civil Rights Act of 1991
- Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended
- Title IX of the Education Act of 1972, as amended
- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA)
- Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, as amended
- Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended
- RIGL 28-5.1 - Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action
- RIGL 42-112 - Civil Rights Act of 1990
- RIGL 28-5 - Fair Employment Practices
- RIGL 16-76 - Sexual Harassment in Higher Education
- RIGL 28-51 - Sexual Harassment, Education and Training
- RIGL 36-4-26.1 - Supplemental Certification in the Civil Service
- RIGL 16-59-24 - Accessibility for People with Disabilities
- RIGL 11-37 Sexual Assault
- RIGL 16-22-24 Dating Violence
- RIGL 12-29-2 Domestic Violence
- RIGL 11-59-1 through 11-59-2 Stalking